segunda-feira, 6 de outubro de 2014

Recommendations-01,02, 03 “IMO Conventions Effective Implementations”




    World Maritime Day Conference in Timor- Leste Dili, 24/25 September 2014 Dili, 24 September 2014

 Recommendations-01
“IMO Conventions Effective Implementations”

Considering that:
1. Timor-Leste, as a maritime nation, should be fully integrated into the international maritime community.
2. It has need to develop all activities and areas of intervention linked to the maritime transport sector, while ensuring and protecting human life at sea and protection of the marine environment.
3. It must have policies and rules applicable to navigation, maritime safety, maritime protection, protection of human life at sea and protection of the marine environment, as much as possible harmonized and adopted in a framework similar to the international practice.
4. Following the accession of Timor-Leste to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), under the National Parliament Resolution No. 17/2012, of 17 December, Timor-Leste must urgently.
5. Meet its other international obligations with respect to its accession to the other international maritime conventions.
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World Maritime Day Conference in Timor- Leste Dili, 24/25 September 2014 Dili, 24 September 2014

Recommendations:
Due to the convenience of ensuring the maritime safety, maritime protection, protection of the marine environment and facilitation of the maritime transport in Timor-Leste, the participants attending the World Maritime Day Conference 2014 in Timor-Leste recommend:
1. The implementation of the Organic Law of the National Directorate for Maritime Transport.
2. The accession of Timor-Leste to the main IMO Conventions, like:
a. International Convention for the Safety of Live at Sea (SOLAS 74);
b. International Convention on Ships Tonnage Measurements; (Tonnage 69);
c. International Convention on Load Lines (LL 66);
d. International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL 73/78);
e. International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watch keeping for Seafarers (STCW 78);
f. International Convention on Maritime Search and Rescue (SAR 79);
g. International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness Response and Cooperation (OPRC 90);
h. Convention on Facilitation of International Maritime Traffic (FAL 65);
i. Convention on the International Regulations for Preventing Collision at Sea (COLREG 72); and
j. Maritime Labor Convention, (MLC 2006).
3. Drafting all relevant maritime regulations to implement Timor-Leste functions as Flag State, Port State and Costal State.
4. Request a faster response from the country to accept and become party to the main IMO Conventions and recommendations.


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 World Maritime Day Conference in Timor- Leste Dili, 24/25 September 2014 Dili, 24 September 2014

 Recommendations-02
“Establishment of a Search and Rescue System in Timor-Leste”
Considering:
1. That Timor-Leste, as a maritime nation, should be fully integrated into the international maritime community and, above all, its need to develop all activities and areas of intervention linked to the maritime transport sector, while ensuring and protecting human life at sea and protection of the marine environment.
2. The need for policies and rules applicable to navigation, maritime safety, maritime protection, protection of human life at sea and combating marine pollution, as much as possible harmonized and adopted in a framework of international cooperation.
3. Several international Conventions give particular importance to the provision of assistance to persons in distress at sea and the establishment, by all coastal states, of adequate and effective devices for coastal monitoring and search and rescue services.
4. The accession of Timor-Leste to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), under the National Parliament Resolution No. 17/2012, of 17 December.
5. The obligations under UNCLOS, Article 98º, as following:

a) Every State shall require the master of a ship flying its flag, in so far as he can do so without serious danger to the ship, the crew or the passengers:
i. to render assistance to any person found at sea in danger of being lost;
ii. to proceed with all possible speed to the rescue of persons in distress, if informed of their need of assistance, in so far as such action may reasonably be
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World Maritime Day Conference in Timor- Leste Dili, 24/25 September 2014 Dili, 24 September 2014


expected of him;
iii. after a collision, to render assistance to the other ship, its crew and its passengers and, where possible, to inform the other ship of the name of his own ship, its port of registry and the nearest port at which it will call.

b) Every coastal State shall promote the establishment, operation and maintenance of an adequate and effective search and rescue service regarding safety on and over the sea and, where circumstances so require, by way of mutual regional arrangements co-operate with neighbouring States for this purpose. 3
World Maritime Day Conference in Timor- Leste Dili, 24/25 September 2014 Dili, 24 September 2014

Recommendations:
The convenience of coordinating national and international activities related to safety of life at sea between various governmental organizations, the participants attending the World Maritime Day Conference in Timor-Leste recommend:
1. The accession to the following international conventions:
a. International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea - SOLAS (1974);
b. International Convention on Maritime Search and Rescue (1979), amended by resolutions MSC.70 (69) and MSC.155 (78);
2. The establishment of a Timorese Search and Rescue System for the provision of search and rescue services and response in maritime emergencies.
3. The design and approval by the Council of Ministers of a Timorese Search and Rescue Regulation.
4. The design and approval of a Timorese Maritime Search and Rescue Plan, in coordination with all related national entities and institutions.
5. The establishment of a coordination system and agreements with neighbouring countries for the provision of joint search and rescue services and maritime communications.
6. To the Ministry of Transport and Communications to exercise its competence as National Authority for the establishment and coordination of Search and Rescue Services, in accordance with the powers delegated by the Government.

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 World Maritime Day Conference in Timor- Leste Dili, 24/25 September 2014 Dili, 24 September 2014

 Recommendations-03
“Establishment of a Maritime Protection System in Timor-Leste in accordance to the ISPS Code from IMO”
Considering:
1. Timor-Leste, being a maritime nation, has the duty to make travel and transport by sea as secure as possible.
2. The importance and significance of shipping to world trade and economy and being determined to safeguard the worldwide supply chain against any breach resulting from terrorist attacks against ships, ports, offshore terminals or other facilities.
3. Concern about worldwide escalation of acts of terrorism in all its forms and considering that unlawful acts against shipping jeopardize property and personal safety and security, seriously affecting the operation of maritime services and undermining people’s confidence in maritime navigation safety.
4. The new requirements from the international framework through which Governments, ships and port facilities can cooperate to detect and deter acts that threaten security in the maritime transport sector. In order to determine what security measures are appropriate, Governments must assess the threat and evaluate the risk of a potential unlawful acts.
5. That in response to major disasters, states moved towards internationalization of the law, first by the harmonization of local regulations, through bilateral treaties, agreements or understandings among the leading maritime nations and finally, through intergovernmental organizations that took over in order to encourage the adoption of international instruments to regulate safety at sea and prevention of pollution from ships.
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World Maritime Day Conference in Timor- Leste Dili, 24/25 September 2014 Dili, 24 September 2014


6. Maritime Security aims to provide a standardized, consistent framework for evaluating risk, enabling Governments to offset changes in threats with changes in vulnerability for ships and port facilities through the determination of appropriate security levels and corresponding security measures. It is noted that the measures to enhance maritime security call for the establishment of appropriate operational measures and procedures to prevent unauthorized access, to prevent the introduction of unauthorized weapons, incendiary devices or explosives. It is also to provide means to ensure efficient and effective communications and to enhance awareness and vigilance. These measures have a protective character and have been developed for the purpose of preventing the occurrence of a security incident. The suppression, containment and control of a situation in case of breach of security or of a security incident, have been and remains a matter for the police and the security services of each State.
7. The ISPS Code provides a standardized, consistent framework for managing risk and permitting the meaningful exchange and evaluation of information between Contracting Governments, companies, port facilities, and ships through determination of appropriate security levels and corresponding security measures.
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World Maritime Day Conference in Timor- Leste Dili, 24/25 September 2014 Dili, 24 September 2014

Recommendations:
The necessity and convenience to implement a Maritime Protection system in Timor-Leste in compliance with the SOLAS Convention in general and specifically with the International Ship and Port Facility Security Code from the International Maritime Organization, the participants attending the World Maritime Day Conference in Timor-Leste recommend:
1. The accession of the following international conventions:
a. The International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS), 1974;
b. The International Ship and Port Facility Security Code (ISPS Code);
c. The Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Maritime Navigation 1988 (SUA Convention, including the 1988 and 2005 Protocols);
2. The adoption of the International Ship and Port Facility Security Code (ISPS Code). In essence, the Code regulates risk management activity to ensure ship and port facilities security and to determine what security measures are appropriate through a risk assessment made on individual case basis.
3. The adoption of a Regulation for the Enhancement of Maritime Protection.
4. To train and appoint Port Facility Security Officers for Timor-Leste’s ports with international interface.
5. To develop and approve the following:
a. Port Facility Security Assessment for maritime ports of Timor-Leste.
b. Port Facility Security Plan for ports of Timor-Leste with international interface.
c. Ship Security Plan for Berlin-Nakroma and to other Timor-Leste ships which transport passengers and/or with international trade.
6. To grant Statements of Compliance (SoC) to those ports which comply with the ISPS Code.

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