Key Policy Provision Of The National Seed Policy OfTIMOR LESTE

Key Policy Provision
Of
The National Seed Policy
Of
TIMOR LESTE

Introduction
Sr. Adalfredo do Rosario Ferreira,
DNPSE MAF

 

  • Seed sector in Timor Leste

v  Predominance of seeds of local plant varieties

v  Over 80% seed contributed by informal seed systems (use and exchange of farm-saved seeds)

v  Seed exchange largely non-monetized

  • Timor Leste’s net food deficit and imports food worth USD 25 million annually
  • High dependence on seed import (rice and corn)

v  about 200 tons annually

  • MAF-SOL program initiated in 2000 to increase access to improved seeds of major food crops

v  Evaluation to identify suitable crop varieties

v  10 new varieties of maize, rice, sweet potato, cassava and peanut released for cultivation

v  Support for formal and informal seed production

  • Private sector almost non-existent and organized seed production and marketing lacking
  • Seed Policy urgently needed to promote and regulate quality seed production and distribution

Approach used:

  • Formation of National Seed Policy Working Group (NSPWG) to facilitate the drafting process
  • NSPWG members representing MAF Officials, SOL Advisors and NGOs
  • NSPWG jointly accountable for draft seed policy and responsible to facilitate adoption by the Govt
  • Policy Advisor to assist in drafting the seed policy

Methods used:

  • NSPWG meetings identifying policy issues and formulating policy provisions

v  Several meetings of NSPWG organized

v  Series of policy issues identified and discussed

v  Policy framework developed and policy provisions formulated

Methods used:

  • Consultation with relevant stakeholders by the Policy Advisor at various levels

v  Consultation with MAF and SOL staffs

v  Consultation meeting with MAF-SOL staffs and Suco Chiefs in Manatuto on 2 August

v  Consultation with Community Seed Producers’ Group (CSPGs) in Liquica district on 10 Aug

v  Consultation with HASATIL NGO members

v  Written submission from HASATIL and Lao Hamutuk

                 

Methods used:

  • Sharing of the meeting and consultation notes and draft policy framework to all

v  Sharing of meeting notes of NSPWG meetings

v  Notes of consultation meeting in Manatuto

v  Notes of visit and consultation with CSPGs of Liquica district

v  Sharing of first draft seed policy to NSPWG members and observers to provide comments

v  Presentation of first seed policy for wider sharing

Methods used:

  • Sharing of Draft National Seed Policy with wider stakeholders for additional inputs and feedback

v  Sharing with district level GO, NGO, private agencies, farmers’ and other community organizations in 12 districts

v  Sharing with the academic community

v  National workshop for final consultation

Session 1

Sra. Herminia de Jesus Pinto,
    HASATIL
     
     
The NSP has the following sections:
  • 1.  Introduction
  • 2.  Scope of the seed policy
  • 3.  Objective of the seed policy
  • 4.  Policy provisions (9 sub-sections)
  • 1. Conservation and Use of Plant Genetic Resources
  • 2. Variety development
  • 3. Registration and Protection of New Plant Varieties
  • 4. Seed Production
  • 5. Seed Standards and Quality Regulation
  • 6. Seed Distribution and Marketing
  • 7. Strengthening Domestic Seed Sector
  • 8. Import and Export of Quality Seed
  • 9. Implementation, Coordination and Monitoring of
  •      seed policy

Introduction

  • Importance of agriculture in Timor Leste
  • State of agriculture, role of seed diversity and need for seed sovereignty and security
  • Seed systems and need for quality seeds
  • Need for National Seed Policy

Scope of the Seed Policy

  • Seeds to cover sexually propagated seeds and all planting materials
  • Seeds of all plant genetic resources for food and agriculture and used for commercial purposes
  • Includes local seeds as well as new plant varieties
  • Include both informal and formal seed systems

Objectives of the Seed Policy

  • National seed sovereignty as an overarching guiding principle
  • Strengthen domestic seed sector to enhance seed security
  • Ensure production and distribution of quality seeds to farmers
  • Regulate production and distribution of quality seeds to facilitate good access to seeds

1. Conservation and Use of Plant Genetic Resources(PGRs)

  • Sovereign right over the its PGRs
  • Measure for conservation and use of all PGRs
  • Mechanisms for access and benefit sharing
  • Incentives for the conservation of PGRs
  • Registration of local PGRs
  • Establishment of Community Seed Banks to promote conservation of PGRs

2. Variety Development

  • Strengthen national capacity for breeding
  • Participatory variety development, and use of local PGRs and farmer participation
  • Engagement of private sector, NGOs and farmers in variety development
  • Options for hybrid and GMO seeds: NO or regulated development and use

3. Registration and Protection of New Plant Varieties

  • Mechanism for registration of new varieties
  • Public notification of registered varieties and maintenance of database
  • Sui generis for IPR protection on new plant varieties for commercial use
  • Protection of Farmers’ Rights for save, use, exchange and sell in non-branded form
  • Exemption for research, training and breeding


 Session 3

Remigio Laka Vieira

Farming Study Group (FSG)


 

4. Seed Production

  • Government to ensure access to source seeds
  • Engage private sector, NGOs and farmers in production of source seeds
  • Three generation system of seed production
  • System of certified and Truthfully labelled seeds
  • Decentralized seed production and support for production in inaccessible and remote areas

4. Seed Production

  • Support for production of seeds of local plant varieties, including NUS
  • Advance seed planning and preparation of seed balance sheet
  • Preparation of seed vulnerability map and early warning system
  • National seed reserves and linkage with Community Seed Banks

5. Seed Standards and Quality Regulation

  • Establish national seed quality standards
  • Mechanisms for quality assurance and regulation
  • Provision for engagement of private sector and NGOs to provide services of quality assurance
  • Requirement for seed label with adequate information about seed quality
  • Measures for quality regulation (inspection during production and marketing)

6. Seed Distribution and Marketing

  • Engage and strengthen capacity of private sector in seed marketing
  • Requirement for obtaining authorization for seed marketing of registered seeds
  • Equal treatment to new and local seeds, except in special situations
  • Provision of compulsory licencing
  • Provision of adequate information and compensation for any losses
  • Protection of Farmers’ Rights
  • Contribution to National Biodiversity Fund
 
Session 3
     Sr. Buddhi Kunwar
    Seeds of Life Advisor

7. Strengthen Domestic Seed Sector

  • Access to source seeds for private sector and NGOs
  • Support to private sector, NGOs and CSPGs in production and marketing of seeds
  • Support to private sector, NGOs and CSPGs for establishment of infrastructure
  • Access to easy financing and tax concessions

8. Import and Export of Quality Seed

  • Provision for regulated import of seeds of kinds and varieties not produced in the country
  • A number of provisions for quality regulations
  • Scope for custom production of seeds for export
  • Regulation of seed production for export to safeguard adequate supply of seed and food production in the country

9. Implementation, Coordination and Monitoring

  • Establishment of National Seed Council (NSC)
  • Adequate representation of stakeholders in NSC
  • Functions of NSC
  • Establishment of Committees of NSC
  • Meeting and decision making of NSC
  • National Seed Authentication Body (Directorate of Agriculture and Horticulture and departments)
  • Recognition of farmers’ groups
  • Membership of relevant treaties and bodies

Minister, Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries
Chair
Director General, Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries
Member
National Director, Research & Special Services, MAF
Member
National Director, Agriculture & Community Development, MAF
Member
National Director, Forestry, MAF
Member
National Director, Quarantine & Biosecurity, MAF
Member
Representative from academic institution (Seed Expert)
Member
Representative, private seed producers and entrepreneurs -2
Member
Representative, NGOs working in agriculture
Member
Representative of local religious organization
Member
Representative of CSPGs (2, at least one women)
Member
National Director, Agriculture & Horticulture, MAF
Member Secretary


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