quinta-feira, 21 de fevereiro de 2013

Key Policy Provision Of The National Seed Policy OfTIMOR LESTE

Key Policy Provision
Of
The National Seed Policy
Of
TIMOR LESTE

Introduction
Sr. Adalfredo do Rosario Ferreira,
DNPSE MAF

 

  • Seed sector in Timor Leste

v  Predominance of seeds of local plant varieties

v  Over 80% seed contributed by informal seed systems (use and exchange of farm-saved seeds)

v  Seed exchange largely non-monetized

  • Timor Leste’s net food deficit and imports food worth USD 25 million annually
  • High dependence on seed import (rice and corn)

v  about 200 tons annually

  • MAF-SOL program initiated in 2000 to increase access to improved seeds of major food crops

v  Evaluation to identify suitable crop varieties

v  10 new varieties of maize, rice, sweet potato, cassava and peanut released for cultivation

v  Support for formal and informal seed production

  • Private sector almost non-existent and organized seed production and marketing lacking
  • Seed Policy urgently needed to promote and regulate quality seed production and distribution

Approach used:

  • Formation of National Seed Policy Working Group (NSPWG) to facilitate the drafting process
  • NSPWG members representing MAF Officials, SOL Advisors and NGOs
  • NSPWG jointly accountable for draft seed policy and responsible to facilitate adoption by the Govt
  • Policy Advisor to assist in drafting the seed policy

Methods used:

  • NSPWG meetings identifying policy issues and formulating policy provisions

v  Several meetings of NSPWG organized

v  Series of policy issues identified and discussed

v  Policy framework developed and policy provisions formulated

Methods used:

  • Consultation with relevant stakeholders by the Policy Advisor at various levels

v  Consultation with MAF and SOL staffs

v  Consultation meeting with MAF-SOL staffs and Suco Chiefs in Manatuto on 2 August

v  Consultation with Community Seed Producers’ Group (CSPGs) in Liquica district on 10 Aug

v  Consultation with HASATIL NGO members

v  Written submission from HASATIL and Lao Hamutuk

                 

Methods used:

  • Sharing of the meeting and consultation notes and draft policy framework to all

v  Sharing of meeting notes of NSPWG meetings

v  Notes of consultation meeting in Manatuto

v  Notes of visit and consultation with CSPGs of Liquica district

v  Sharing of first draft seed policy to NSPWG members and observers to provide comments

v  Presentation of first seed policy for wider sharing

Methods used:

  • Sharing of Draft National Seed Policy with wider stakeholders for additional inputs and feedback

v  Sharing with district level GO, NGO, private agencies, farmers’ and other community organizations in 12 districts

v  Sharing with the academic community

v  National workshop for final consultation

Session 1

Sra. Herminia de Jesus Pinto,
    HASATIL
     
     
The NSP has the following sections:
  • 1.  Introduction
  • 2.  Scope of the seed policy
  • 3.  Objective of the seed policy
  • 4.  Policy provisions (9 sub-sections)
  • 1. Conservation and Use of Plant Genetic Resources
  • 2. Variety development
  • 3. Registration and Protection of New Plant Varieties
  • 4. Seed Production
  • 5. Seed Standards and Quality Regulation
  • 6. Seed Distribution and Marketing
  • 7. Strengthening Domestic Seed Sector
  • 8. Import and Export of Quality Seed
  • 9. Implementation, Coordination and Monitoring of
  •      seed policy

Introduction

  • Importance of agriculture in Timor Leste
  • State of agriculture, role of seed diversity and need for seed sovereignty and security
  • Seed systems and need for quality seeds
  • Need for National Seed Policy

Scope of the Seed Policy

  • Seeds to cover sexually propagated seeds and all planting materials
  • Seeds of all plant genetic resources for food and agriculture and used for commercial purposes
  • Includes local seeds as well as new plant varieties
  • Include both informal and formal seed systems

Objectives of the Seed Policy

  • National seed sovereignty as an overarching guiding principle
  • Strengthen domestic seed sector to enhance seed security
  • Ensure production and distribution of quality seeds to farmers
  • Regulate production and distribution of quality seeds to facilitate good access to seeds

1. Conservation and Use of Plant Genetic Resources(PGRs)

  • Sovereign right over the its PGRs
  • Measure for conservation and use of all PGRs
  • Mechanisms for access and benefit sharing
  • Incentives for the conservation of PGRs
  • Registration of local PGRs
  • Establishment of Community Seed Banks to promote conservation of PGRs

2. Variety Development

  • Strengthen national capacity for breeding
  • Participatory variety development, and use of local PGRs and farmer participation
  • Engagement of private sector, NGOs and farmers in variety development
  • Options for hybrid and GMO seeds: NO or regulated development and use

3. Registration and Protection of New Plant Varieties

  • Mechanism for registration of new varieties
  • Public notification of registered varieties and maintenance of database
  • Sui generis for IPR protection on new plant varieties for commercial use
  • Protection of Farmers’ Rights for save, use, exchange and sell in non-branded form
  • Exemption for research, training and breeding


 Session 3

Remigio Laka Vieira

Farming Study Group (FSG)


 

4. Seed Production

  • Government to ensure access to source seeds
  • Engage private sector, NGOs and farmers in production of source seeds
  • Three generation system of seed production
  • System of certified and Truthfully labelled seeds
  • Decentralized seed production and support for production in inaccessible and remote areas

4. Seed Production

  • Support for production of seeds of local plant varieties, including NUS
  • Advance seed planning and preparation of seed balance sheet
  • Preparation of seed vulnerability map and early warning system
  • National seed reserves and linkage with Community Seed Banks

5. Seed Standards and Quality Regulation

  • Establish national seed quality standards
  • Mechanisms for quality assurance and regulation
  • Provision for engagement of private sector and NGOs to provide services of quality assurance
  • Requirement for seed label with adequate information about seed quality
  • Measures for quality regulation (inspection during production and marketing)

6. Seed Distribution and Marketing

  • Engage and strengthen capacity of private sector in seed marketing
  • Requirement for obtaining authorization for seed marketing of registered seeds
  • Equal treatment to new and local seeds, except in special situations
  • Provision of compulsory licencing
  • Provision of adequate information and compensation for any losses
  • Protection of Farmers’ Rights
  • Contribution to National Biodiversity Fund
 
Session 3
     Sr. Buddhi Kunwar
    Seeds of Life Advisor

7. Strengthen Domestic Seed Sector

  • Access to source seeds for private sector and NGOs
  • Support to private sector, NGOs and CSPGs in production and marketing of seeds
  • Support to private sector, NGOs and CSPGs for establishment of infrastructure
  • Access to easy financing and tax concessions

8. Import and Export of Quality Seed

  • Provision for regulated import of seeds of kinds and varieties not produced in the country
  • A number of provisions for quality regulations
  • Scope for custom production of seeds for export
  • Regulation of seed production for export to safeguard adequate supply of seed and food production in the country

9. Implementation, Coordination and Monitoring

  • Establishment of National Seed Council (NSC)
  • Adequate representation of stakeholders in NSC
  • Functions of NSC
  • Establishment of Committees of NSC
  • Meeting and decision making of NSC
  • National Seed Authentication Body (Directorate of Agriculture and Horticulture and departments)
  • Recognition of farmers’ groups
  • Membership of relevant treaties and bodies

Minister, Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries
Chair
Director General, Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries
Member
National Director, Research & Special Services, MAF
Member
National Director, Agriculture & Community Development, MAF
Member
National Director, Forestry, MAF
Member
National Director, Quarantine & Biosecurity, MAF
Member
Representative from academic institution (Seed Expert)
Member
Representative, private seed producers and entrepreneurs -2
Member
Representative, NGOs working in agriculture
Member
Representative of local religious organization
Member
Representative of CSPGs (2, at least one women)
Member
National Director, Agriculture & Horticulture, MAF
Member Secretary


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